The jewelry collection is strongly marked by a great diversity of typologies and provenances, from the late 17th century to the late 19th century. Two major cores stand out in this collection: .The Crown Jewels, also called the “Royal House Splendor Jewelry”, which comprises pieces of national production predominantly from the 18th century. It is a heterogeneous set, by the variety of typologies covered although presenting as a common feature the excellence of its materials and its technical and artistic mastership. Adornment jewelry, weapons that complement gala uniforms, a set of sumptuous honorary badges, foreign and national, and even some raw mineralogical materials from the Brazilian diamond and gold mining explorations are included in this nucleus. .The second collection core, called “Everyday Jewelry”, consists of various types of adornment for current use, in which the 19th century specimens are prevailing, originating mainly from national workshops but also of French and Italian provenance.